What’s A Terpene?

Terpenes are the compounds which create the smells and favors that reside in most vegetation, including cannabis/hemp. Terpenes however, do more than just provide the flavors and aromas. They also support other molecules to produce desired effects. Terpenes are bioactive, that means they affect the body.

If you already happen to know about "essential oils" you as of now have had some involvement with terpenes. Terpenes are found in high amounts in different fundamental oils. For instance, limonene is in the oil of lemons and limes, alpha and beta-pinene are found in pine needles. The terpenes in these oils add to the impacts you experience when you smell the skin of a lemon or walk through a pine timberland landscape. Similarly, the terpene linalool is found in the oils of lavender, and is known for making sensations of unwinding and calm. These terpenes, and thousands more, are found in high focuses in the flowers of hemp/cannabis.

So lets take a look at what their names are, where else they can be found (you are probably consuming many of these already), and what they can do for us.

Also found in basil, bell pepper, or rosemary, and is also found in both cedar and pine trees.
Known to Stimulate and improve memory as well as being an anti-inflammatory.

Also found in Camomile, honey, and vanilla. 
Known to reduce inflammation, and its extracts are widely used around the world as an anti-inflammatory and wound healer. This terpene seems to reduce the production of cytokines, proteins made by the immune system in response to inflammation.

Found in rosemary, eucalyptus, orange peel, but most commonly in Pine trees. It is an anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, cancer-fighting, a memory booster, and has gastroprotective properties.

Found in bayleaves, parsley, wild thyme, lemongrass, hops, and the mango fruit. Known to be an Anti-inflammatory, Anti-tumor, a Sedative, and is an Antioxidant.

Found in many herbs and spices, including black pepper, basil, and oregano. Known to have Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory properties, an has Anti-Stress properties.
Side note: This terpene has a unique ability of binding to CB2 receptors.

Caryophyllene Oxide
Also found in spices like basil, black pepper, and oregano.
Anticoagulant, Anticancer, Antifungal, and an Anti-Inflammatory.
Also a CB2 binder.

Also found in pine and it’s extract has been used for centuries as a treatment for diverse ailments ranging from coughs, constipation to arthritis. It is also an effective insect repellent.

This terpene Humulene, is named after Humulus lupulus, a.k.a. the hops plant. Hops and cannabis are both in the taxonomic family Cannabaceae, and humulene plays a big role in providing the same aromatic notes to both species of plants.
Research has proven it to be an effective anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and an appetite suppressant.

The Limonene is a chemical also found in the rind of citrus fruits, such as lemons, limes, and oranges.
It has been shown to possess Anti-Inflammatory, Antioxidant, Anti-Stress, Anticancer, and has heart-disease-fighting properties.

Best known in lavender. This terpene is common to over 200 types of plants. In fact, it’s so common that on average, people consume over 2 grams of linalool each year through their food.
Anti-Inflammatory and Pain Reducer, Anti-Convulsant, Anxiety reducer (when inhaled), a Sedative, and an Anti-Microbial.

Also found in lilacs, tea tree, nutmeg, cumin, and apples.
This terp is anti-tumor, anti-fungal, antibacterial, and is a sedative. 

Also found in lavender, basil, parsley, pepper, mangoes, orchid flowers, and mint.
This terpene has antifungal, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory effects. However this terpene works best if combined with other compounds.

Also found in jasmine, tea tree, and lemongrass.
Known for it’s sedative, anti-anxiety, antimicrobial, anti-parasitic, anti-oxidant, and has pain-relieving properties.

So as you can tell these smells and the flavors have benefits all their own. Many have similar qualities and all work really well together.  These terpenes are found in SunMed products and they help to design better health for the product consumer.


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